Cardiac Arrest happens – Why? [Causes and Symptoms]

What is a cardiac arrest?

The sudden loss of heart function is a cardiac arrest in an individual who may or may not is diagnosed with heart disease. It may happen unexpectedly, or in the aftermath of other symptoms. When suitable measures are not taken instantly, cardiac arrest is often deadly.

Every year, the AHA estimates that more than 350,000 individuals experience a cardiac arrest outside the hospital.

A heart attack and cardiac arrest the same?

No. To define cardiac arrest, the word “heart attack” is often misused. Cardiac arrest may result from a heart attack, the two conditions do not imply the same thing.

A blockage that prevents blood flow to the heart causes heart attacks. A heart attack (or myocardial infarction) relates to the loss of blood supply caused by heart muscle tissue death. Heart attack can be understood as an issue of “circulation.” A heart attack is very severe, deadly at times.

On the other hand, heart arrest occurs when the electrical system malfunctions of the heart. The heart stops correctly beating. Hence the name: “detained” or stopped the pumping function of the heart.

Death can lead rapidly in cardiac arrest if appropriate measures are not taken instantly. While cardiac arrest can be reversed if CPR (cardiopulmonary resuscitation) is done. A defibrillator is used within a few minutes to shock the heart and restore normal heart rhythm.

Reasons cardiac arrest happens?

Abnormal heart rhythm is the direct cause of most sudden heart arrests. The electrical activity of the heart becomes chaotic, and it can stop pumping blood to the rest of the body.

Conditions that can trigger sudden cardiac arrest include:

Coronary artery disease: This is often the foremost common reason for fulminant pathology in individuals older than thirty-five.

Cardiomyopathy: Your heart muscle gets enlarged or dense when you have this disease, so it gets weakened.

Long QT syndrome and Brugada syndrome: these illnesses can trigger unusual heart rhythms in the electrical system of the heart.

Marfan syndrome: This hereditary disease may spread and weaken components of the core.

Heart birth defects: You’re still at danger of sudden cardiac arrest even if you’ve had surgery to correct a defect.

Main Symptoms:

Sudden signs and symptoms of cardiac arrest are immediate and tragic, including:

No breathing
No pulse
Sudden collapse
Loss of consciousness

Other signs and symptoms often happen before the sudden arrest of the heart. These might include:

Chest discomfort
Shortness of breath

But there is often a sudden cardiac arrest without warning

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